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1862 Full Face Queen Victoria - Chalon - Perforated

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1862 Full Face Queen Victoria - Chalon - Perforated
Cat. Mint Used
1d Red 2a $405.00
$108.00
1d Orange red variety 2b $270.00
$72.00
1d Brown (1871 on) 2c $337.50
$108.00
2d Blue 2d $247.50
$36.00
2d Orange (1871 on) 2e $247.50
$67.50
3d Lilac 2f $270.00
$81.00
4d Rose 2g $6,750.00 $540.00
4d Yellow 2h $540.00
$360.00
6d Brown 2i $495.00
$67.50
6d Blue (1871 on) 2j $450.00
$162.00
1/- Green 2k $540.00
$247.50
Set of 11 individual stamps 2l $10,024.90 $1,757.05

Around 1862, the Dunedin postmaster started perforating the Chalon Head stamps so that the stamps did not have to be individually cut from the sheets with scissors. It was not until 1864 that New Zealand stamps were officially perforated.

Several perforation methods were used - including comb, rotary and line perforating machines. The nature of these machines, the design of the stamps, and the technique of sometimes feeding several sheets at once through the perforation machine meant that it is quite rare to find a well centered copy of these stamps where the perforations have not encroached into the design.

The twopence stamp was still the most common and there are many varieties of this stamp available showing the gradual wear of the printing plates and ink and paper variations.

In 1862 the Otago Gold Rush resulted in paper shortages which meant that extremely thin and unsuitable paper was used for the printings that year. As a result, those stamps are thin, almost transparent. The Gold Rush and the switch to compulsory prepaid postage caused a dramatic increase in demand for postage stamps at this time.

A new fourpence stamp was introduced in 1865 to cover the increased cost for faster postage to the United Kingdom via Marseilles. This was initially rose coloured, but was quickly changed to yellow to avoid confusion with the penny red.

From 1871 the colours of the penny, twopence and sixpence stamps were rotated when it was discovered that a chemical reaction with the blue twopence turned the stamp brown so it could be passed off as a sixpence stamp. The penny stamp was now brown, the twopence orange and the sixpence blue.
Bibliography

The Postage Stamps of New Zealand (Volume I)
    Edited by R. J. G. Collins and H. T. M. Fathers B.A. B.Sc.
    Published 1938 by The Philatelic Society of New Zealand Incorporated
    Pages 27 - 94
The Postage Stamps of New Zealand Volume II
    Edited by R. J. G. Collins FRPSNZ and C. W. Watts FRPSNZ
    Published 1950 by The Royal Philatelic Society of New Zealand Incorporated
    Pages 264 - 286
The Postage Stamps of New Zealand Volume IV
    Edited by R. J. G. Collins FRPSNZ and C.W. Watts FRPSNZ
    Published 1960 by The Royal Philatelic Society of New Zealand Incorporated
    Pages 365 - 369
The Postage Stamps of New Zealand Volume VI
    Edited by D. E. G. Naish FRPSNZ and K. J. McNaught FRPSNZ FRPSL
    Publsihed 1975 by The Royal Philatelic Society of New Zealand Incorporated
    Pages 350 - 352
The Postage Stamps of New Zealand Volume VIII
    Edited by B. G. Vincent FRPSNZ
    Published 1998 by The Royal Philatelic Society of New Zealand Incorporated (ISSN 0-9597883-1-X)
    Pages 698 - 701, 748
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