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1900 Pictorials

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1900 Pictorials
Cat. Mint Unhinged Mint Hinged Fine Used
½d Mount Cook / Green 12a $18.00
$9.00
$0.45
1d The White Terraces 12b $81.00
$36.00
$2.70
1½d Boer War Commemorative 12c $90.00
$45.00
$31.50
2d Pembroke Peak 12d $45.00
$22.50
$2.70
4d Lake Taupo / Mount Ruapehu 12e $36.00
$16.20
$5.40
6d Red Kiwi 12f $157.50
$67.50
$13.50
Set of 6 individual stamps 12g $406.15
$186.40
$53.45

In 1900, a number of the lower value pictorial stamps from the 1898 issue were replaced. The designs and colours of the penny and fourpence stamps were swapped as the two-tone 1898 penny stamp was too difficult and costly to print in large quantities. The stamps were originally intended to be printed this way around in 1898, but a printers error saw them transposed.

The halfpence stamp features Mount Cook, New Zealand's highest mountain printed in green as required by the Universal Postal Union for all halfpenny stamps. Two alpine flowers are featured on the stamp - the Ranunculus and Celmisia. The stamp was also reduced in size so that 240 stamps could be printed per sheet.

The one penny stamp features the White Terraces which were produced by geothermally heated water which left thick white layers of limestone. Located on the edges of Lake Rotomahana near Rotorua, they were considered the eighth wonder of the natural world until they were completely destroyed by the violent volcanic eruption of Mount Tarawera in 1886. The eruption claimed around 150 lives and is the most violent and destructive volcanic eruption in recent history.

A new penny halfpenny stamp was introduced to cover a change in postage rates for printed matter. It commemorated the departure of the first contingents of New Zealand troops to the Boer War in South Africa and symbolised the prompt response of New Zealand to the call of the Empire for troops. A total of 6,500 New Zealand troops took part. Rather ironically, the stamp was the first to be engraved outside the British Empire, in New York.

The twopence stamp, featuring Pembroke Peak in Milford Sound, was reduced in size so that sheets of 240 stamps could be printed to reduce printing costs for this very commonly used stamp.

The four penny stamp features Lake Taupo with Mount Ruapehu in the background and a Cabbage Tree on the left. Lake Taupo is the largest lake in New Zealand covering over 600 square kilometers. The lake is well known for rainbow trout which were introduced in 1884.

The sixpence stamp featured the Kiwi as in the original 1898 issue, but printed in red because the Universal Postal Union required halfpenny stamps to be printed green.
Bibliography

The Postage Stamps of New Zealand (Volume I)
    Edited by R. J. G. Collins and H. T. M. Fathers B.A. B.Sc.
    Published 1938 by The Philatelic Society of New Zealand Incorporated
    Pages 174 - 208, 249 - 260, 571 - 572
The Postage Stamps of New Zealand Volume II
    Edited by R. J. G. Collins FRPSNZ and C. W. Watts FRPSNZ
    Published 1950 by The Royal Philatelic Society of New Zealand Incorporated
    Page 308
The Postage Stamps of New Zealand Volume IV
    Edited by R. J. G. Collins FRPSNZ and C.W. Watts FRPSNZ
    Published 1960 by The Royal Philatelic Society of New Zealand Incorporated
    Pages 370 - 371
The Postage Stamps of New Zealand Volume VI
    Edited by D. E. G. Naish FRPSNZ and K. J. McNaught FRPSNZ FRPSL
    Publsihed 1975 by The Royal Philatelic Society of New Zealand Incorporated
    Page 15
The Postage Stamps of New Zealand Volume VIII
    Edited by B. G. Vincent FRPSNZ
    Published 1998 by The Royal Philatelic Society of New Zealand Incorporated (ISSN 0-9597883-1-X)
    Pages 705 - 708, 748 - 749
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