1962 Telegraph Centenary
This stamp issue celebrated the centenary of the introduction of the first
telegraph service in New Zealand.
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Edward Dobson (born 1816) was a
civil engineer who was one of the original purchasers of Canterbury
Association land. He emigrated to New Zealand in 1850. Described as a man
of â€˜strenuous actionâ€™, he was Provincial Engineer between 1854
and 1868, during which time he attempted to confine the Waimakariri river
within its banks to stop flooding in Christchurch; supervised the draining
of 10,000 acres of swamp land around Rangiora; designed and supervised the
construction of the breakwater in Lyttelton Harbour and supervised the
establishment of the railway system throughout Canterbury.
planned and introduced New Zealandâ€™s first telegraph circuit which
was operated for the first time on the 1st of July 1862. The telegraph line
ran over the Port Hills which separate the port of Lyttelton from
Christchurch and was operated from the Police station in Lyttelton to
Christchurch Police Station as is shown on the 3d stamp. This stamp was
designed by A G Mitchell and was issued by the Post Office one month early
on the 1st of June 1962!
The 8d stamp was designed by A.G.
Mitchell's father L.C. Mitchell. It features a 'modern' 1960s
teleprinter - most likely a Series 1 Siemens Halske Teleprinter Model 100
which were manufactured in Germany and sold internationally in the early
1960s. These machines were well built and incorporated many advances in
post-war technology. The model 100 included the new PMG Telex Service for
businesses which were able to connect directly to each other via
teleprinter both nationally and internationally.
during the Second World War Siemens and Halske produced the T52 German
teleprinter cipher machine codenamed Sturgeon by British cryptanalysts. The
T52 was a permanently connected machine used by the Luftwaffe and German
Naval units. It was by far the most complex cipher of the three used by
German forces and was least often broken by the British at Bletchley Park -
usually because the same messages were often sent using easier to attack or
already broken ciphers.
This page was last updated on 21 Feb 2019
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